This glossary provides terms and definitions for the iBase software and products.
The following cross-references are used in this glossary:
- See refers you from a nonpreferred term to the preferred term or from an abbreviation to the spelled-out form.
- See also refers you to a related or contrasting term.
- abstract semantic type
- A semantic type that only serves as the parent of other semantic types. Abstract semantic types categorize their child semantic types, but are never associated with real data.
- A person responsible for administrative tasks such as access authorization and content management. Administrators can also grant levels of authority to users.
- A message or other indication that signals an event or an impending event that meets a set of specified criteria.
- alert definition
- The statement of criteria that trigger an alert.
- See automatic license plate recognition.
- A member that exists at a higher level than another member in a hierarchy and is connected by a series of parent-child relationships.
- See automatic number plate recognition.
- To record information about database or instance activity by applications or individuals.
- audit log
- A log file containing a record of system events and responses.
- audit trail
- A chronological record of events or transactions. An audit trail is used for examining or reconstructing a sequence of events or transactions, managing security, and recovering lost transactions.
- automatic license plate recognition (ALPR)
- A technology composed of separate devices that is used to detect, capture, and store visual information pertaining to a license plate.
- automatic number plate recognition (ANPR)
- See automatic license plate recognition.
- calculated measure
- A measure whose values are calculated from other measures, calculated measures, functions, and numeric constants in an arithmetic equation.
- The information that is contained within a database that pertains to a particular investigation.
- A visual representation of real-world objects, such as organizations, people, events, or locations, and the relationships between them.
- charting scheme
- A definition that describes how item data behaves when it is visualized on a chart. For example, how data is copied into chart item properties, the chart template and labeling scheme to use, and whether to display attributes and pictures.
- In a generalization relationship, the specialization of another element, the parent.
- A specified property, a value, and an operator that defines a comparison relationship between them. One or more conditions can be used to create a query or a conditional formatting specification. See also parameterized query.
- An entity that is attached to a link. See also end constraint.
- end constraint
- A constraint on the types of entities that can be the end of a particular link. See also end, valid end type.
- A set of details that are held about a real-world object such as a person, location, or bank account. An entity is a kind of item.
- entity semantic type
- A semantic type that can be assigned only to an entity or an entity type. See also semantic type.
- entity type
- A descriptor of the characteristics of an entity, including the properties it can contain and its appearance in visualizations.
- excluded word list
- A list of words that are ignored when they are entered as search terms.
- A process that searches for entities within a data source that are directly related to some selected entities.
- A rating that indicates the accuracy of a piece of information or the reliability of an intelligence source.
- grading system
- A rating scale that is used to classify information in a data store or on a chart. A grading system is a measure of reliability and accuracy.
- import design
- A specification of how data from an external source will be transformed into chart or repository items during an import procedure.
- An entity or a link. Items are characterized by the values of their properties. See also merged item.
- labeling scheme
- A specification for combining property values to be displayed on screen, or as chart item labels.
- The arrangement of items on a chart.
- line strength
- An indication of confidence in the information underlying a particular link. Line strength is represented as a solid, dashed, or dotted line on a chart.
- An association between two entities, such as an ownership relationship between a person and a vehicle.
- link direction
- An indication that the meaning of a link is different for each of its ends. For example, the direction of a telephone call makes one end the caller and the other the recipient. Link direction can influence the centrality measures used in social network analysis.
- link semantic type
- A semantic type that can be assigned only to a link or a link type. See also semantic type.
- link type
- A descriptor of the characteristics of a link, including the properties it can contain and its appearance in visualizations.
- mapping scheme
- A set of rules that determines how information is displayed on a map.
- The part of a result that met a condition during a search operation. A search can yield a perfect match or a partial match.
- merged item
- An item that is created by merging the information held in two or more items. See also item.
- noise word file
- See excluded word list.
- parameterized query
- A query with conditions in which one or more parameters are defined. The parameter values are set by the user. See also condition.
- In a hierarchy or auto-level hierarchy, a member that has one or more child members at the level immediately below.
- A route on a chart between two entities. A path may include intermediate entities.
- pick list
- A data category that has a limited number of permissible values, which are often presented in a drop-down list in the user interface.
- A method of rearranging data in a data set to reveal patterns in the data.
- A container for a single piece of information about an item.
- property semantic type
- A semantic type that can be assigned to a property type, a property in a data record, or an attribute class. See also semantic type.
- property type
- A descriptor of the characteristics of a property, including the type of information it can contain.
- A complete description of all the entity types, link types, and their associated property types that are available for items within a system.
- semantic type
- A category that defines the real-world meaning of data, and therefore how applications should interpret that data. For example, Person is a semantic type that could be assigned to entity types such as Male, Victim, and Witness. See also entity semantic type, link semantic type, property semantic type.
- source reference
- An identifier that indicates the source of information, for example, a document reference number.
- valid end type
- An entity type that conforms to the end constraints of a particular link. See also end constraint.